A-level 16th Century

Key terms – Quick Glossary

Pope – The Catholic Church regards the pope as the successor of St Peter and, as such, he has full and supreme power of jurisdiction over the church in matters such as faith and discipline. The pope is elected by a college of cardinals and sits at the top of a strict hierarchy consisting of cardinals, archbishops, bishops and priests.

Beliefs – The set of principles held and taught by the Church. These were on the New and Old testament of the Bible.




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When was the start of the Reformation?

It’s argued that the reformation began at 4 different dates. These dates are 1505, 1516, 1517 and 1521. This is because in :

1505 – Martin Luther was in a close life encounter, in a thunderstorm which almost killed him. He promised he’d devote his life to God if he spared his life. True to his word, he joined the priesthood immediately.

1516 – He discovered a phrase in his bible which he believed to differ from the of Catholicism.

1517 – Luther nailed the 95 thesis on the Church door at Wittenberg.

1521 – Martin Luther is accused of  Heresy and was ordered to recount.

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Unit 1: The Reformation in Europe, c1500-1564 – Keywords

In this article we’ll be looking at simple key words to introduce ourselves into the basics of The Papacy and reform. These words will form a very brief basis of the European aspect of 16th Century History AS level and should be learnt.

Reformation – The process of pivotal change within society.

Protestant – A new form of Christianity, in protest against the Catholic Church.

Holy Roman Empire – The seculor head of Christendom

Erasmus – A leading humanist.

Heresy – An opposite opinion to the Catholic view.

Martin Luther – Protestant leader.

Indulgences – Paper signed by the pope to send you to heaven.

Charles V – Holy Roman Emperor in 1519.

John Calvin – Protestant leader.

 Ana baptism – People must be baptized again, even children who’ve already had the process done already.

Ignatius Loyola – A leader of the “society of Jesus”.

Jesuits – A group of religious influential people.

Council of Trent – A group of people who had meetings to create clear definitions of the Catholic doctrine and to reform discipline of the church.

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