1933, the political system is brawling with a frenzy of extremist parties, amongst them was Adolf Hitler’s Nazi party. But why by 1933 was he so popular? After all, just 10 years prior, Hitler was a failing leader harnessing the infamous role of a failed revolutionist.
Fear of Communism – The people of Germany wanted a capitalist run country, where each man can buy and trade at their leisure. This strong fear that the people harnessed, caused them to vote for the next highest political party – the Nazis. Therefore, we can see that the Communists actually helped Hitler in his campaign to chancellor in 1933!
Wealthy Backers – Rich business owners and other corporate managers had an abundance of money. They were living the epitome of those who take advantage of a capitalist style economy, the rich live comfortably and the poor struggle to survive. The wealthy community of Germany paid the Nazi party large amounts of money to stage propaganda, and therefore people will vote for Hitler. This ensured the affluent community remained wealthy as the Communists would be halted in their campaign.
Hitler’s ability as a speaker – Adolf, as a political leader, had a very unique style. He stood out above all else, people were flabbergasted by his speeches and he was indelible. Therefore, his potent style of leadership and conveniently timed crisis (Wall Street Crash) led to him being accepted as the “savoir of Germany“.
TIP: Can you think of anymore? Think back to events near to this time, the Wall Street Crash perhaps? How would this benefit him?
Exam technique: What factors led to Hitler building the Nazi party to it’s fame in 1933?